Types of the valley of Cambodia
This plate contains fifteen heads representing specimens of the principal varieties of races encountered in the valley of the Mekong just where the mouth of the river enters China. No. 7 shows the same head in the face and profile. No. 11 was taken for a rarity. It is effectively the only portrait of a Laotian who has been encountered wearing a big beard and otherwise shows all of the different characters of the common Laotian race.
Types of Lao from Burma and Yunnan
This plate, like the preceding one, also contains fifteen heads, specimens of the principal varieties encountered in the Chinese province of Yunnan, No. 27 portrays a Mohammedan from Ta-ly, this type being a mix of the Mohammedans and the Chinese. This head has been chosen to represent those which preserve the most marked Arab characteristics. No. 29 shows a Chinese from the province of Se-tchouen.
Costumes of Annamites, Cambodians, and Siamese
A sampan or small riverboat used in Cochinchine slides along a narrow canal; it contains ten Annamites of all types. In the middle one sees an old village chief with a grey mustache, wearing a large hat and dressed in a robe of embroidered silk. A headman topped with a black turban, a lady in full dress, women of the people, children and two boatmen are the complement of the riverboat. In the left corner are sitting two savages all naked. Under a small shed stand Siamese men and women. To the right are several groups of Cambodians, some dressed and wearing headgear like Siamese, the hair of the others is brushed and they are barely clothed. The women wear the fashion of Compong Luong, the ancient capital, a type of shirt sticking to the body as their only clothing. The fabrics employed by the rich are of brilliant coloured silk, the poor use only cotton: white or dyed with indigo.
The Annamite is of medium size, a little smaller and less vigorous than individuals of the races that surround him.
His complexion is a dirty yellow, darker than the Chinese and Lao, but clearer than that of the Cambodian. His skin appears thick and, among all the Indo-Chinese, it is usually the most coarse. His skull is relatively long, slightly flattened at the top, but very developed laterally, especially at the back.
His face is flat, bony, angular and rhombic, otherwise with a jaw of an ultimately distinctive character. His forehead is low, barely prominent, large internally but narrow on the upper part and slightly retreating.
His eyes are slightly slanted with the upper eyelid wide enough and raised in the upper corner; their opening is small.
His nose is not only the most crushed but also the smallest of the noses of the Indo-Chinese. It is wide and sinks at its root, flattened in an inferior manner and softened at its extremity, with the nostrils often directed toward the front and very apart.